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Glossary

Not sure about a name or phrase used in our documentation or website? Or perhaps you’ve come across some financial terminology elsewhere that you’re not familiar with? Find out its meaning in our glossary below and if there is a word not in there you think needs adding please do contact us.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Open-ended investment company (OEIC)

An open-ended investment company, or OEIC (pronounced 'oik'), is a type of open-ended collective investment formed as a corporation under the Open-Ended Investment Company Regulations 2001 in the United Kingdom. It may also be called an investment company with variable capital (ICVC). The terms "OEIC" and "ICVC" are used interchangeably with different investment managers favouring one over the other. In the UK OEICs are the preferred legal form of new open-ended investment over the older unit trust.

Option

An option is simply the right to buy (a 'call' option) or sell (a 'put' option) a quantity of any asset by an agreed expiry date for a fixed ('strike') price.

Over the counter (OTC)

Many transactions are done privately between counter parties and with no exchange involved. These are known as over the counter, or OTC.

Overweight and underweight

The terms overweight and underweight are used by brokers and fund managers to indicate their preference for stocks or markets relative to particular indices or benchmarks.